International SketchCrawl(TM) #34, Sydney (preparation) – ANZAC War Memorial (3)

December 24, 2011

Too wet again for any outdoor urban sketching. Today I’m thinking about the context of the ANZAC War Memorial. I’ve come across a 1930 concept sketch in watercolour by architect C. Bruce Delitt of the building, complete with fully-grown trees and high-rise buildings in Liverpool Street.  He also did a separate one showing the surrounding parkland, which is significant in terms of a Sydney street map I’ve come across, dating from before the War Memorial went in, showing the layout of paths and trees around the time the underground railway went in.

View 1. Hyde Park (south), Sydney. Looking north-east.

The original photograph from which this is copied was taken in the afternoon, probably in the 1930s in my estimation and probably from the rooftop of 157 Liverpool Street towards Sydney Harbour. Apartment dwellers in The Hyde would have this view today.

From left to right: Walter Liberty Vernon’s 1908 Land Titles Office (aka Registrar-General’s Building) – its grand south facade, facing what was then known as Chancery Square, St Marys Street and St Mary’s Cathedral), with Neutral Bay and Cremorne in the background; St Mary’s Cathedral (1866-1882) and a sliver of Port Jackson; ANZAC War Memorial (1929-1934) and Pool of Reflection; Taronga Zoo (1912) in the background; the Australian Museum (the Barnet building, with its 14m Corinthian columns in sandstone) and ships docked at Garden Island Naval Dockyard.

View 2. Hyde Park (south), Sydney. Looking south.

Drawn from a NSW Govt photograph, one a large series of Sydney views taken from 1935 onwards for display in railway carriages.

In 1842, a group of buildings on the southern end of the govrnment-owned “field” that was Hyde Park were known as Lyons’ Terraces. Jump forward a century and we have some new buildings as sketched. All the buildings in the background have been demolished subsequently and replaced by three high-rise (from left to right, 185-193 Liverpool St, The Connaught (1984); 169-183 Liverpool St, incorporating Macleay College, and 150-152/157-167 Liverpool St, now combined into one building, The Hyde).

Buildings in the background to the left of the Memorial are the YWCA at 185-193 Liverpool (?designed by Ellice Maud Nosworthy, female architect and one of the inaugural graduates in 1922 of the University of Sydney’s School of Architecture) and a taller building on the corner of Liverpool and Wentworth Avenue; a smaller building is probably in Commonwealth Street.

Buildings in the background along Liverpool Street to the right of the Memorial are the towers of the Unity and Oxford Hall and perhaps the Mark Foy’s Ltd Building over a St James Station entrance (east side of Elizabeth Street) and the Mark Foy’s Ltd Building (west side of Elizabeth Street).

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