Sketching Johor Bahru #3

February 4, 2014

Selasa, mendung , 28C.

Saya memasuki perkarangan Istana Besar (Grand Palace) di tebing Selat Johor dari Jalan Air Molek di timur, berhampiran mata air yang dengan kot diraja senjata patung, lalu mata air patung buaya untuk luas timur-barat persegi panjang istana diraja, tetapkan di tengah-tengah 53 hektar halaman rumput yang terawat. Walaupun kadang-kadang masih digunakan untuk upacara negeri dan diraja, ia telah menjadi muzium sejak tahun 1990, yang ditujukan untuk koleksi diraja dan dinamakan sempena bapa Johor Bahur pemodenan, Sultan Abu Bakar, Anglophile dan rakan kepada Ratu Victoria – Muzium Diraja Sultan Abu Bakar.

Bangunan ini, sebahagiannya direka oleh Datuk Yahaya Awaludin dan di bawah penyeliaan seseorang arkitek Inggeris, mempunyai kedua-dua Anglo dan ciri-ciri Melayu. Walaupun Istana Zahara (Balai Cengkih) adalah seorang bintang empat pecah, Istana adalah berbentuk T, dengan penekanan kepada panjang menyapu, terdapat banyak ciri-ciri yang sama untuk kedua-dua bangunan: pilasters dua kali dengan ibu Tuscan (Corinthian di sayap sisi Istana Besar), kemasukan ruangan klasik (pilasters tanpa dan lajur dalam) tetapi pengecualian pediment. Hiasan permen berbentuk daripada birai, di Istana Zahara menjadi alat dinding jambatan di Istana Sultan. Gandaan portes-cochere daripada Zahara menjadi tangga luar tunggal besar. Di Istana Besar, ruangan klasik, yang dikaitkan dengan kursus tali, sedang mendahului dengan colonnettes. Dalam alasan Palace colonnette diulangi sebagai asas cahaya. Walaupun bangunan pusat mempunyai dinding jambatan yang tersendiri, sayap sebelah menampilkan sapu yang lebih kukuh sebanyak bumbung dengan tidak terjual, yang menyumbang kepada perasaan yang lebih jelas Melayu. Setiap satu daripada sayap sebelah mempunyai Gothic tingkap plat pola perhiasan dan bumbung hip-gabled rendah. Bermula pada tahun 1866, ia telah melalui banyak pengubahsuaian dan sambungan.

Satu gerbang pintu masuk mengenakan dalam sekali reka bentuk Art Deco nampaknya telah ditambah selepas istana. Muzium ini ditempatkan di dalam dua daripada tiga bangunan putih, semua dengan biru-jubin nada bumbung, di kompleks dan terdiri daripada empat bahagian: Dewan (dalam bangunan barat); Bilik Arasy, Bilik Harta dan Bilik Memburu (dalam bangunan pusat). Bangunan timur tidak dibuka kepada orang ramai.

Di Dewan dipaparkan pelbagai barang-barang yang dipersembahkan kepada Sultan Abu Bakar dan penggantinya oleh orang kenamaan, seperti pedang, pingat, barangan kaca, dan lain-lain Termasuk juga adalah biografi terperinci Sultan Abu Bakar dan penggantinya , Sultan Abu Bakar batu dada, yang sultan ‘ memorabilia peribadi, gambar sultan dan keluarga mereka, dan lain-lain Dalam Bilik Memburu , pameran termasuk haiwan disumbat (harimau, buaya, badak, gajah), gading gajah gading , payung kaki gajah berdiri, asbak kaki antelop, dan lain-lain.

Dalam bangunan pusat di peringkat kedua (anda perlu membuang kasut anda), anda boleh mencari bilik penerimaan, bilik tidur diraja (perhatikan katil jati bertiang empat), ruang makan diraja, ruang Majlis Diraja, rong (ia mempunyai sepasang pelamin sepuhan), perpustakaan, dan lain-lain dewan jamuan di peringkat pertama hanya boleh dilihat dari peringkat kedua. Perabot di dalam bilik-bilik ini gaya Rococo termasuk perabot kayu yang indah dari pelbagai negara, kerusi kaca kristal dan jadual dari Perancis, seramik Jepun, lukisan minyak daripada kaum kerabat, candelier, dan lain-lain Pada tahap pertama bangunan pusat, anda boleh menemui pameran seperti emas / perak, barang kristal, emas dan barang kemas perak, pakaian diraja, senjata tangan Melayu, koleksi Numismatik, dan lain-lain, ditutup apabila terdapat fungsi-fungsi dan upacara rasmi.

johor bahru 5

Tuesday, overcast, 28C. I entered the grounds of the Istana Besar (Grand Palace) on the banks of the Johor Strait from Jalan Air Molek in the east, near the fountain with the royal coat of arms sculpture, past the crocodile statue fountain to the vast east-west rectangle of the royal palace, set amid 53 hectares of manicured lawns. While still used occasionally for state and royal ceremonies, it has been a museum since 1990, devoted to the royal collections and named after the father of Johor Bahur modernisation, Sultan Abu Bakar, Anglophile and friend to Queen Victoria – Muzium Diraja Sultan Abu Bakar.

The building, in part designed by Datuk Yahaya Awaludin and under the supervision of an English architect, has both Anglo and Malay features. While the Istana Zahara (Balai Cengkih) was a four-pointed star, the Palace is T-shaped, with an emphasis on sweeping length, there are many features common to both buildings: double pilasters with Tuscan capitals (Corinthian on the east wing of the Istana Besar), inclusion of classical columns (pilasters without and columns within) but exclusion of the pediment. The lozenge-shaped decoration of the balustrades in the Istana Zahara becomes a parapet device in the Sultan’s Palace. The multiple portes-cochere of the Zahara becomes a single grand outdoor staircase. In the Istana Besar, the classical columns, linked with a string course, are topped by colonnettes. In the Palace grounds the colonnette is repeated as a light base. While the central building has a distinctive parapet, with fretted timber edge, the west wing roof features a stronger sweep of roof with overhang, contributing to a more obviously Malay feeling, contrasting with the low hip-gabled ‘Western’ roof of the east wing, which has a half-circle end with a Gothic plate tracery window. Begun in 1866, it has gone through numerous renovations and extensions.

An imposing entrance arch in stark Art Deco design appears to have been added after the palace.

The museum is housed in two of the three white buildings, all with blue-tile pitched roofs, in the complex and consists of four parts: the Dewan (in the west building); the Throne Room, the Treasure Rooms and the Hunting Room (in the central building). The east building is not open to the public.

In the Dewan are displayed an array of items presented to Sultan Abu Bakar and his successors by dignitaries, such as swords, medals, glassware, etc. Included also are detailed biographies of Sultan Abu Bakar and his successors, Sultan Abu Bakar’s stone bust, the sultans’ personal memorabilia, photographs of the sultans and their families, etc. In the Hunting Room, exhibits include stuffed animals (tigers, crocodiles, rhinoceros, elephants), elephant ivory tusks, elephant’s foot umbrella stands, antelope leg ashtrays, etc.

In the central building on the second level (you have to remove your shoes), you can find the reception rooms, the royal bedrooms (note the four-poster teak beds), the royal dining room, the chamber of the Royal Council, the throne room (it has a pair of gilt thrones), the library, etc. The banqueting hall on the first level can be seen only from the second level. The furnishings inside these Rococo-style rooms include exquisite wooden furniture from various countries, crystal glass chairs and tables from France, Japanese ceramics, oil paintings of the royals, chandeliers, etc. On the first level of the central building, you can find exhibits such as gold/silverware, crystal ware, gold and silver jewelery, royal regalia, Malay hand weapons, a numismatic collection, etc., closed when there are official functions and ceremonies. 

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